Penguins can be found all over the earth, in every continent. However the southern hemisphere is the holder of most known penguin species. Penguins do not necessary need extreme cold temperatures to live. In other regions besides Antarctica, Penguins can live in deserted and rocky islands. The Penguin habitat can be the ice shelf of Antarctica to a tropical island near the equator. An example of this would be the Galapagos penguin. In addition, Penguins can be known to live in South Africa and Australia.